When we fall and hit our head we can suffer an intracranial hematoma or a broken blood vessel causing blood to accumulate, in this case, in the brain. In general, bruises can occur anywhere we receive a blow and it is okay if it is a mild or superficial trauma. In that case, only a small dark spot forms where we are hit. This is a normal situation that is sure to have happened at any time in your life, the problem is when the blow occurs on the head, in that case complications may arise.
One of the risk factors is to discover that an intracranial hematoma has occurred because at first glance, in general, the person seems and acts normally. For example, at the beginning of the year the Spanish singer Joaquin Sabina suffered a fall on a stage.
The first evaluation only showed an injury to the shoulder, the artist was lucid and attentive, but in a second, deeper evaluation it was discovered that he had a small stroke.
Consequences of an intracranial hematoma
According to a spokesperson for the Spanish Society of Neurology, if you get hit on the head, you won’t always have a stroke. If this is the case, there are three types of intracranial hematomas, some with the option of surgery and others without. In case of suffering an intracranial hematoma the consequences are quite evident, for example, the patient manifests speech problems, lack of vision, weakness in arms and legs. Colloquially speaking, a haematoma, a haemorrhage or a stroke is the same thing, basically an artery is broken and blood comes out.
What used to be known as a stroke are ischemic strokes or ictus, which occur in 80% of cases. A stroke is mistakenly called a cerebral hemorrhage because it is actually a blood clot that blocks the passage of blood, obstructing its free and normal passage.
If the brain is not fed with oxygenated blood for a few minutes, the consequences are lethal, of course depending on the time and area of injury. Remember that neurons die very easily due to lack of oxygen. Stroke is considered a ruptured blood vessel. If it occurs, the patient loses blood and it does not reach the area of the brain that usually watered.
What are the causes of a brain hemorrhage?
A brain hemorrhage can occur due to different factors. Here are some of the most common.
- It is less common for an intracranial hematoma to form due to a blow.
- Among the most common causes is high pressure that affects the artery walls and causes them to rupture.
- Another factor that can cause a stroke or intracranial hematoma is weakness in the blood vessels. This factor usually runs in families.
- A tumor or infection is also a common cause of a ruptured blood vessel.
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