The anguish caused by anxiety can be so intense that it even generates a feeling of imminent death. It is a situation that is not serious and that disappears in a few minutes, but it is still necessary to know all its edges.
In order to identify an anxiety attack you must know the symptoms and how to stop an attack at the time it occurs.
How to identify an anxiety attack?
An anxiety attack is an episode that a person may experience unexpectedly. It can be emotional but also physical, sometimes there is a cause for it and other times it occurs without apparent cause. It is such a common disorder that it is estimated that 20% of the population has suffered an anxiety attack at some time. Usually these are overcome without taking any extraordinary measures.
If you have some degree of anxiety, it is a normal mechanism that keeps you alert to impending danger. It can also be a tool for coping with the difficulties of everyday life.
The problem begins when this degree of normality goes beyond the limits and becomes a pathology. It may be a hereditary component or it may be a casual event in response to a cluster of problems or trauma.
For example, anxiety attacks are often experienced by people who have had an accident, young people on final exams, someone who was fired from a job or a drug user.
Recognize the symptoms of an anxiety attack
Usually a few minutes before the episode the person is fine. The seizure usually occurs in the middle of a task or at rest.
The symptoms of an anxiety attack are often confused with a heart attack so it is important to know how to recognize them in order to differentiate one situation from another.
- You experience a feeling of shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing.
- Your chest feels tight.
- Your body begins to shake uncontrollably.
- The heart rate accelerates.
- Extreme sweating accompanied by dizziness, emetic syndrome, and occasional syncope or fainting
- Muscles tighten
- There is a knotty feeling in the stomach or general discomfort in that area.
What should be done in case of an anxiety attack?
30 minutes is the longest an anxiety attack will last. It is usually a temporary situation but equally distressing for the sufferer, so it is important to know how to handle it.
We advise you to follow the following steps to manage an anxiety attack:
- Try to control your breathing. This is important because the episode can cause you to hyperventilate.
- You must convince yourself that it is not serious. Try to tell yourself that nothing bad will happen, you will not die from an anxiety attack.
- Practicing some relaxation technique will help you a lot. Meditation is an excellent option.
- Think of something that will distract your mind. You should not focus on the symptoms because that will create more distress.
- If 30 minutes pass and the symptoms have not disappeared, it is best to consult your doctor to rule out another condition.
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